White House Blueprint for Bill of Rights for Artificial Intelligence

White House Blueprint for Bill of Rights for Artificial Intelligence

A set of AI guidelines issued by the White House, to encourage the responsible development and dissemination of AI

On Tuesday, the White House released what it called a blueprint for the Artificial Intelligence Rights Act.

The Announce AI Guidelines It aims to persuade organizations to develop automated systems that use artificial intelligence (AI) in a way that is safe for parents, patients and workers.

There is no shortage of suggested guidelines for AI systems. In 2019, for example, the House of Lords published a comprehensive report on artificial intelligence (AI) and called for an AI code of ethics.

Image credit: US government

AI . chart

That report stated that the UK was in a “unique position” to help shape the development of artificial intelligence, to ensure that the technology was applied only for the benefit of humanity.

Then in early 2020, the Trump administration said it would propose regulatory principles governing the development and use of artificial intelligence. These regulatory principles were designed to prevent “overstatement” by authorities, and the White House at the time also wanted European officials to avoid aggressive tactics.

Then in July 2021, the US government announced the creation of the National Artificial Intelligence Research Resources Task Force.

The new entity was the Biden administration’s response to the perceived lack of world-leading expertise in developing artificial intelligence systems.

The White House has now proposed a non-binding AI Rights Act, which proposes several practices that developers and users of AI software must voluntarily follow.

The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy has identified five principles that should guide the design, use, and deployment of automated systems to protect the American public in the age of artificial intelligence.

“The AI ​​Bill of Rights Scheme is a guide to a society that protects all people from these threats — and uses technologies in ways that advance our highest values,” the White House said.

“In response to the experiences of the American public, and based on the insights of researchers, technologists, advocates, journalists, and policy makers, this Framework of Principles to Practice accompanies—a handbook for anyone seeking to incorporate these protections into policy and practice, including detailed steps toward realizing these principles in the technological design process.” .

“These principles help provide guidance whenever automated systems can meaningfully influence public rights, opportunities, or access to critical needs,” she said.

Five principles

The five principles that should guide the design, use and deployment of automated systems cover “Safe and Effective Systems”; “Protection of forced discrimination”; “Data privacy”; “notice and explanation”; and finally “Human Alternatives, Consideration and Retreat”.

The Biden administration’s move comes at a time when the European Union is moving toward regulating high-risk regulations.

Meanwhile, the US is by no means close to a comprehensive set of laws to regulate artificial intelligence.

It is worth noting that the White House announcement did not include proposals for new laws.

In fact, Reuters quotes US officials have reportedly said regulators including the Federal Trade Commission will continue to apply existing rules to advanced systems.

AI rules

The authorities have long considered rules regarding the ethical use of artificial intelligence.

This was demonstrated in 2015 when a study by researchers at Arizona State University concluded that using artificial intelligence algorithms to study the patterns and behavior of extremists in the Islamic State could be “significantly” beneficial to both the US military and future policy makers.

For years, the United States and its allies have used forms of lifestyle analysis to determine the threat levels of potential targets for their drones.

Drone (c) Esteban de Armas, Shutterstock 2014

And it’s fair to say that the arrival of artificial intelligence has been perhaps one of the most worrying technical developments for politicians and tech experts in recent years, after some including the late Stephen Hawking have repeatedly warned of the dangers that technology can pose.

Concerns about artificial intelligence

The White House’s blueprint on AI comes as companies increasingly look to integrate AI and machine learning into their business structures.

But the use of AI has always increased control, privacy, and cybersecurity and its impact on people’s jobs in the future.

In February 2018, the Institute for the Future of Humanity, whose authors came from leading universities such as Cambridge, Oxford and Yale, along with privacy advocates and military experts, warned that AI could be exploited for malicious purposes.

They warned that AI could be misused by rogue states, criminals and lone attackers.

Over the past decade, a number of prominent tech figures have warned of the dangers posed by artificial intelligence. These include Telsa CEO Elon Musk, Bill Gates and the late Professor Stephen Hawking.

Professor Hawking told the BBC in December 2014 that a thinking machine could “redesign itself at an ever-increasing rate” and “replace” humans, while Musk, speaking during an interview at MIT’s AeroAstro Centennial Symposium, described AI as the “largest existence We have the threat.”

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